Electric Bus Operation and Influencing Factors

Electric buses offer a way to reduce air pollution, save energy, and enhance passenger experience. These buses are powered by electric motors that run on electricity from batteries or external sources. They have zero greenhouse gas emissions and perform better than fossil fuel buses, with reduced noise levels.

  1. Electric buses are in use and development in many cities and countries worldwide. For example, in the UK, cities like Coventry and Oxford aim to become the first fully electric cities in the country.
  2. In the US, Arrival, a manufacturer of electric buses and vans, plans to conduct its first test drive in the UK with First Group.
  3. In China, Shenzhen has the largest fleet of electric buses globally.
  4. To find the best route for electric bus travel, consider using an intelligent navigation map. Such a map can show your remaining battery capacity, charging locations, and how to optimize energy consumption. An example of such a map is the “EV Range and Smart Route Planner”.

Factors Affecting Electric Bus Operation:

  1. Battery Capacity and Type:
    • Lithium-ion batteries have higher capacity and longer lifespan than lead-acid batteries. They allow faster and more complete charging. Battery capacity determines the operating range, and charging time for electric buses. For instance, the double-decker Jewel E bus with a 542 kWh battery capacity can cover 402 kilometers.
  2. Motor Power and Torque:
    • Electric motors have high power and torque, enabling electric buses to move at high speeds and efficiency. Motor power affects weight tolerance, uphill performance, and starting from a standstill. For example, the Jewel E bus motor has 536 horsepower and 3500 Nm of torque.
  3. Bus Design and Structure:
    • Efficient design and structure contribute to energy savings and passenger comfort.

Electric Bus Air Conditioning: The bus air conditioner plays a crucial role in cooling both passenger cabins and the batteries used in the vehicle. During charging and discharging, electric bus batteries generate significant heat, which can impact their capacity and lifespan. Therefore, an effective cooling system is necessary to maintain battery temperatures within the desired range. By using a cooler and a coolant, the electric bus air conditioner absorbs heat from the batteries and cabin, transferring it outside the vehicle through a refrigeration cycle.

The electric bus air conditioning system includes the following components:

  1. Compressor:
    • The compressor pressurizes the gas and sends it to the condenser. It is connected to the electric motor via a shaft and clutch and is controlled by the electronic control unit (ECU).
  2. Condenser:
    • The condenser exchanges heat between the gas and the external air, causing the gas to evaporate. In this process, the gas changes from a solid state to a gaseous state, releasing heat to the air.
  3. Dryer Filter:
    • The dryer filter absorbs moisture and contaminants, preventing corrosion and system damage.
  4. Evaporator Panel:
    • The evaporator panel guides low-pressure gas toward the evaporator. Here, the gas changes from a gaseous state to a solid state, absorbing heat from the air.
  5. Evaporator:
    • The evaporator exchanges heat between the gas and the cabin air, causing the gas to evaporate. This continuous refrigeration cycle ensures proper cooling of the cabin and electric bus batteries.

Our Business Partners:

All rights of this website belong to Parsan Electric Bus Production Company (Shatab).